IMF's Role in Infrastructure Governance





Quality infrastructure investment is essential for sustainable and equitable economic growth. Yet, creating quality infrastructure has often been challenging. IMF analysis suggests that, on average, over one-third of the resources spent on public investment are lost due to inefficiencies in its public investment management processes, with substantial scope for improving public investment efficiency across income groups.

IMF's Role 

The benefits of additional investment depend crucially on the strength of infrastructure governance—i.e. public-sector institutions in planning, allocating, and implementing public investment in infrastructure. Strong infrastructure governance helps improve efficiency of public investment, thereby supporting economic growth and fiscal sustainability. IMF analysis shows that strong infrastructure governance can help countries close more than half of their efficiency losses.


IMF's Role in Infrastructure Governance 




Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA), developed by the IMF in 2015, is a comprehensive framework to assess infrastructure governance for countries at all levels of economic development. The PIMA evaluates strengths and weaknesses of a country’s infrastructure governance at each stage of public investment cycle—the planning, allocation and implementation; helps identify reform priorities; and devises practical action plans for reform implementation.


IMF's Role Map 

Note: Country borders or names do not necessarily reflect the IMF’s official position.



PIMAs have been conducted over 60 countries across all regions and income levels, thereby contributing to improving quality of infrastructure around the world.





Facing massive infrastructure needs, countries are developing strategies for how to mobilize private sector financing. Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) can harness private-sector innovation and efficiency to improve infrastructure service provision. Yet, they pose various fiscal challenges including long-term fiscal commitment and fiscal risks, which need to be carefully managed. The IMF and the World Bank have developed an analytical tool called the PPP Fiscal Risk Assessment Model (PFRAM) to help countries assess the potential fiscal costs and risks arising from PPPs.